Saturday, February 8, 2020

Cando processes of globalization help alleviate poverty Essay

Cando processes of globalization help alleviate poverty - Essay Example (Aart, 2005) There are also sources that use "modernization" as a synonym for globalization, and it is sometimes subsumed under "liberalization," "Neoliberalism," and "post-modernism." Globalization may be seen as a structure, a process, an ideology, or a combination of these. Proponents of globalization see it as, "A force which is beneficial to all, individuals and states, in all parts of the world" (George& Wilding, 2002). Opponents of globalization see it "as of benefit to the upper groups in society, to the multinational companies and the affluent world; and as detrimental to the satisfaction of public needs," and as a "force for the perpetuation and accentuation of inequalities within and between groups of countries for the benefit of multinationals and the upper classes. Its constant emphasis on increased competitiveness involves a race to the bottom". A number of factors have led to the process called "globalization." As large corporations began diversifying their products and services by buying up smaller enterprises-usually for stock market, income tax or other financial benefits-they became conglomerates. By then merging with similar-often-overseas-conglomerates, they became huge international entities known as MNCs (Multinational Corporations). The economic breakdown of the Soviet Union gave further impetus to globalization as many foreign firms hurried to establish units in so-called economies in transition. Free trade agreements of various kinds further supported this process. MNCs now account for between a quarter and a third of the world's output, 70 percent of world trade and 80 percent of direct international investment. Perhaps more importantly, international financial institutions, including aid agencies, put conditions on their aid or loans. The World Bank, for example, plays its part by demanding open trade channels as a condition for financial help. Even the partial integration of Europe and the introduction of the Euro made business across former boundaries easier, and consequently, "MNCs are increasingly organizing production and service provisions on an international basis" (Held & McGrew, 2003). The International Monetary Fund strongly advocates less or no government intervention in the economy, but its preconditions for loans have grown from about a dozen to over eighty, thus dictating the economic policies of countries vulnerable to its restrictions. The activities of international banks and aid programs like the IMF, the World Trade Organization and World Bank are not without immediate consequences for working people, and particularly for the poor. The role and activities of some of these organizations are worth quoting: The World Trade Organization was designed as a meeting place where willing nations could sit in equality and negotiate rules of trade for their mutual advantage, in the service of sustainable international development.

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Athenian Artistic Performances Were They a Form of Propaganda Essay Example for Free

Athenian Artistic Performances Were They a Form of Propaganda Essay The â€Å"glory that was Greece† reached its height in 5th century BCE in Athens, under the leadership of Pericles. He opened Athenian democracy to the ordinary citizen, was responsible for the construction of magnificent temples and statues on the Acropolis and he, in effect created the Athenian empire. The definition of propaganda is â€Å"the planned use of any form of public or mass-produced communication designed to affect the minds of a given group for a specific purpose, whether military, economic or political† (Linearger, p. 39, 1954). This has connotations of dishonesty and while people assume it is a modern phenomenon, its roots go back much further. The question is however, was propaganda rife in 5th century BCE Athens and if so, was it the driving force whether explicitly or not behind many of the public displays? A funeral oration or epitaphios logos is an official speech delivered at a funeral. The epitaphios is regarded as a virtually unique Athenian concept, although early elements of such speeches exist in the Epic poetry of Homer and in Lyric poetry of Pindar; in addition modern parallels have been drawn between Lincoln’s Gettysburg address and Pericles. When Pericles gave the epitaphios for Athenian soldiers who had been killed in the first year of the Peloponnesian War. He took the opportunity to not only praise the deceased, but Athens itself, in an oration which has been both praised as enshrining the archetypal democratic system and condemned as barefaced propaganda. In Thucydides’ book History of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles’ Funeral Oration is a powerful rhetorical piece. In addition it is important evidence for the study of the Athenian sense of identity and the way they represented themselves and others. It eloquently discusses the ancient democratic model and the picture it portrays serves as a prototype for democratic states today (Abbott, 1970). Thucydides specified a man would be chosen to make an ‘appropriate speech’ i. e. it matched formulaic prescriptions of the epitaphios, which according to Edinger, â€Å"consisted of a number of recognised topics: praise of the dead, praise of the ancestors, praise of the city, consolation of the families of the dead.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Dialects in American Literature Essay -- essays research papers

Dialects in American Literature In the late 19th and early 20th centuries dialect was not common in American Literature. Writers who attempted to accurately capture American dialect and slang often failed to make it believable. In my essay, â€Å"Dialects in American Literature,† I will compare and contrast three writers who used dialect in their writings and explain the difference between effective and ineffective use of dialect. The writers I will be discussing are Mark Twain, Bret Harte, and William Dean Howells. The use of dialect in American literature comes from using a combination of realism and regionalism. According to dictionary.com â€Å"realism is an inclination toward literal truth and pragmatism and regionalism is the use of regional characteristics, as of locale, custom, or speech, in literature or art.† Regionalism includes local language, which is often expressed by using dialect. Three examples of accurately capturing regionalism are: Bret Harte’s â€Å"The Outcasts of Poker Flat† (1869), Mark Twain’s â€Å"Adventures of Huckleberry Finn† (1884-1885), and William Dean Howells â€Å"A Hazard of New Fortunes† (1890). The Biography of Bret Harte states that he was born in Albany New York on August 25, 1839. In 1854, his mother, a widow, moved him to California. In California Harte worked as a miner, school teacher, express messenger, printer, and journalist. While Harte was in San Francisco writing for â€Å"The Californian† he worked with Mark Twain, Charles Warren Stoddard, Prentice Mulford and the editor, Henry Webb. He contributed many poems and prose pieces to the paper. Bret Harte was appointed Secretary of the United States Branch Mint at San Francisco in 1864. He held that office until 1870. Harte then became the first editor of the â€Å"Overland Monthly.† "The Luck of Roaring Camp" published in the â€Å"Overland Monthly† brought him instant and wide fame. He was thereafter requested to contribute poems and articles to a number of publications. His stories of the American West were much in demand in the eastern United States. In 1871 he moved to New Yo rk. He later moved to Boston. â€Å"The Outcasts of Poker Flat† was first published in an issue of the Overland Monthly magazine in January, 1869. Bret Harte was also the editor of Overland Monthly ... ... â€Å"Harte’s influence on the writings of Mark Twain,† Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism 25 (1964): 209. Harte Bret. â€Å"Outcasts of Poker flat.† Page by Page books 25 Nov 2004 Lewis Andrew G. â€Å"Biography of Samuel Clemens alias Mark Twain.† Biography of Mark Twain 22 Nov. 2004 McMurray William. A Hazard of New fortunes,† Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism 7 (1967): 390. McMichael George, Leonard James S, Lyne Bill, Mallon Anne-Marie, Mitchell Verner D. Anthology of American Literature. Volume II ed 8. New Jersey: Person Education, 2004 O’Brien Edward J. â€Å"The Advance of the American Short Story.† Short Story Criticism 8 (1923): 230-231. Reuben Paul P. "Biography of Francis Bret Harte.† The History of San Francisco. 24 Nov. 2004 Wall Rachel G. â€Å"Dialect and Subtle Characterization in William Dean Howells A Hazard of New Fortunes,† Issues in Languages and Linguistics 24 Nov. 2004 Dialects in American Literature Essay -- essays research papers Dialects in American Literature In the late 19th and early 20th centuries dialect was not common in American Literature. Writers who attempted to accurately capture American dialect and slang often failed to make it believable. In my essay, â€Å"Dialects in American Literature,† I will compare and contrast three writers who used dialect in their writings and explain the difference between effective and ineffective use of dialect. The writers I will be discussing are Mark Twain, Bret Harte, and William Dean Howells. The use of dialect in American literature comes from using a combination of realism and regionalism. According to dictionary.com â€Å"realism is an inclination toward literal truth and pragmatism and regionalism is the use of regional characteristics, as of locale, custom, or speech, in literature or art.† Regionalism includes local language, which is often expressed by using dialect. Three examples of accurately capturing regionalism are: Bret Harte’s â€Å"The Outcasts of Poker Flat† (1869), Mark Twain’s â€Å"Adventures of Huckleberry Finn† (1884-1885), and William Dean Howells â€Å"A Hazard of New Fortunes† (1890). The Biography of Bret Harte states that he was born in Albany New York on August 25, 1839. In 1854, his mother, a widow, moved him to California. In California Harte worked as a miner, school teacher, express messenger, printer, and journalist. While Harte was in San Francisco writing for â€Å"The Californian† he worked with Mark Twain, Charles Warren Stoddard, Prentice Mulford and the editor, Henry Webb. He contributed many poems and prose pieces to the paper. Bret Harte was appointed Secretary of the United States Branch Mint at San Francisco in 1864. He held that office until 1870. Harte then became the first editor of the â€Å"Overland Monthly.† "The Luck of Roaring Camp" published in the â€Å"Overland Monthly† brought him instant and wide fame. He was thereafter requested to contribute poems and articles to a number of publications. His stories of the American West were much in demand in the eastern United States. In 1871 he moved to New Yo rk. He later moved to Boston. â€Å"The Outcasts of Poker Flat† was first published in an issue of the Overland Monthly magazine in January, 1869. Bret Harte was also the editor of Overland Monthly ... ... â€Å"Harte’s influence on the writings of Mark Twain,† Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism 25 (1964): 209. Harte Bret. â€Å"Outcasts of Poker flat.† Page by Page books 25 Nov 2004 Lewis Andrew G. â€Å"Biography of Samuel Clemens alias Mark Twain.† Biography of Mark Twain 22 Nov. 2004 McMurray William. A Hazard of New fortunes,† Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism 7 (1967): 390. McMichael George, Leonard James S, Lyne Bill, Mallon Anne-Marie, Mitchell Verner D. Anthology of American Literature. Volume II ed 8. New Jersey: Person Education, 2004 O’Brien Edward J. â€Å"The Advance of the American Short Story.† Short Story Criticism 8 (1923): 230-231. Reuben Paul P. "Biography of Francis Bret Harte.† The History of San Francisco. 24 Nov. 2004 Wall Rachel G. â€Å"Dialect and Subtle Characterization in William Dean Howells A Hazard of New Fortunes,† Issues in Languages and Linguistics 24 Nov. 2004

Monday, January 13, 2020

Digital Natives and Social Media

Abstract  emma  Conference  2013   Bournemouth  University Digital  Natives  and  Social  Media An Empirical Study about the Importance of Social Media and its Impact on   Media Communication Author(s)   Prof. Dr. Mike Friedrichsen Stuttgart Media University Media Business and Media Economics [email  protected]? stuttgart. de (email for correspondence! ) Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Muhl? Benninghaus Humboldt University Berlin Department CulturalAn Empirical Study about the Importance of Social Media and itsImpact on Media Communication Keywords:   Digital Natives, Social Media, Social Networking, Media Communication, Flow of Information, Use of Social Media Digital Natives are the generation born during or after the general introduction of digital technology. While individuals from elder generations recall organizing, planning and interacting withone another without mobile devices, computers or the Internet, Digital Natives have been using these technologies since th eir early years.They  are  the  same,  but   different  to  previous  generations. Digital   Natives   have   an   inherent   understanding   of   digital   technologies,   as   they’ve   been   integrated  into  their  lives  since  early  childhood. They  are  part  of  a  tech? savvy  generation  at   the   forefront   of   technological   progress   and   want   to   be   connected   when   they   wish,   from   anywhere. Now  graduated  from  secondary  education,  the  first  generation  of  Digital  Natives   is  entering  the  working  world  Ã¢â‚¬â€œÃ‚  and  transforming  it  at  a  fast  pace. Technology   has   been   integrated   into   the   lives   of   Digital   Natives

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Janes Early Life - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 781 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2019/05/13 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Jane Eyre Essay Did you like this example? Reflection and Comment Throughout her early life (and much of the beginning of the novel), Jane Eyres life is not particularly happy. An orphan, her aunt and uncle treat her horribly, and her cousin goes out of his way to make Janes life miserable. Her departure from her abusive household replaces her immediate surroundings with the bleakly grim reality of Lowood, a public charity institution for orphaned girls. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Janes Early Life" essay for you Create order There, she befriends a girl named Helen Burns, a figure who I strongly believe resembles a strong cross between Jesus Christ and a matronly figure. When humiliated by Miss Satcherd in front of her class, she neither wept nor blushed: composed, though grave, she stood, the central mark of all eyes. (73) Helen, who is often used as a scapegoat for many teachers, is one of the strongest advocates and practitioners of turning the other cheek. Unlike Jane, who has been taught that the world is a cold and cruel place, and should be treated as such, Helen sincerely believes in accommodating her tormentors. She bears the humiliation and pain, comforted by the fact that she will be awarded posthumously by the Lord. She teaches Jane about kindness and shows her friendship. She takes care of Jane, and her selflessness and sense of generosity extends as far as her deathbed. When dying of consumption(disease), she offers Jane her blanket because Jane may need it more. Even in death, she is serene and confident in the pearly gates opening before her. Finally, the most obvious allusion to Christ on the part of Bronte is Helens tombstone- unnoticeable, simple, and with the Latin text: Resurgam. I rise again. Representation and Comment #2 The story of Jane Eyre could be considered similar to any Victorian tale of stuffy, archaic romance without much action, but that would mean ignoring Mr. Rochesters living skeleton in his closet: Bertha Mason. Rochester met Bertha on a trip to Jamaica in his youth, quickly marrying her and taking her to England. As time goes on, Berthas insanity causes Rochester to lock her in his attic. Solitary confinement doesnt do anyone good, least of all the mentally ill. In Victorian times, without any effective treatments for madness, there wasnt much available to the families of mentally ill people. Rochester, regretful of his poor decision making, does not tell Jane about Bertha until confronted about it. Jane, on her part, does not even realize that Bertha is human. What it was, whether beast or human being, one could not, at first sight, tell: it grovelled, seemingly, on all fours; it snatched and growled like some strange wild animal: but it was covered with clothing, and a quantity of d ark, grizzled hair, wild as a mane, hid its head and face. Bertha is not completely animalistic, as she does realize that Jane and Rochester are getting married, and gently warns the couple by setting fire to Rochesters bed and tearing Janes wedding veil. The reaction is obviously overblown and reinforces the degree of her madness, but one cannot help but wonder if her reasoning is justified. Rochesters folly in Jamaica of marrying a promiscuous Creole debutante should not result in perpetual frustration and suffering for the trio. Seeing as it has, the best way to deal with the situation should have been a prompt divorce as soon as symptoms of malaise arose. All we can do at this point is wonder what could have been, and lament this sad unfolding of events. Representation and Comment #3 Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre discusses and examines various topics, one of the most prominent being religion and its value. Framing this discussion through Janes personal religious evolution provides a method for a semi-Socratic dialogue to cause the reader to reflect on the topic. Before Jane enters the boarding school at Lowood, her life is not particularly pleasant. Because all she is really familiar with is abuse at the hands of her adoptive family, she grows up to be a very cynical and judgemental ten year old. {QUOTE}. Why would an orphan living in such harsh conditions without real exposure to kindness and love believe in those things? However, as Jane matures, so do her religious views. At Lowood, she endures other forms of hardship and abuse by the standards of today, but she has a new friend: Helen Burns. Unearthly and serene in the face of cruelty and neglect, Helen becomes Janes buoy and role model. Initially critical of and confused by Helen, Jane regards her with a certain degree of cynicism. {quote}. Janes emphasis on establishing spiritual (as well as intellectual) equality with her employer (and later husband) Mr. Rochester make her a very empowered woman for her time.

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Essay The Special Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein

The Special Theory of relativity is an acknowledged physical theory that revolutionized advancements in the relationship between space, and time. The theory is one of the most interesting discoveries that are still used today in science fiction movies such as Star Wars, and Star Trek through the use of black holes, and time travel due to it’s astonishing results, and it occurrence at speeds close to the speed light, which can be appealing to a wide range of audience. This was a harvest from six years of extremely handwork by Albert Einstein. Einstein used resources that were widely available to the public due to his economic constraints. It wasn’t until 1905, when Einstein finally had finished and published his discoveries, and gatherings†¦show more content†¦Both you and the observer could argue for days, and none of you would be able to prove the other person wrong, and as matter of fact, when it comes to physical laws both of you are correct. It all depends on your frame of reference. Speaking of frames of reference, an inertial reference frame is an area where no force applies, therefore there isn’t any gravitational force, or any acceleration, in an inertial frame one couldn’t tell if he was on constant velocity or if he was at rest. The simultaneity of events is matter of a person’s frame of reference. If a person is moving at a constant velocity in between two object emitting light he’ll see the light source he’s moving towards, and the light source he’s moving away from flash at the same time. However if a stationary observer watches this from a stationary platform, he’ll see that the light source that the person is moving away from has more distance to cover than the one he’s moving towards. He’ll also notice that both these light emissions will reach the person standing in between them at the same time. So considering that the speed of light is the same in all situations. The observer sees the light source the person is moving away from flash first as it has more distance to cover, and yet reaches the person standing in the middle at the same time. The first of the Special Theory of relativity’s affects, causes the phenomena of time dilation. TimeShow MoreRelatedTheory of Relativity and the Special Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein1850 Words   |  8 Pages Since his birth, Albert Einstein has had the most beneficial effects on the events of the world. Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1979 and as a boy displayed an unquenchable curiosity for understanding science and all of its mysteries. As Albert Einstein’s life progressed, he found himself working as a patent clerk in Bern. While working as a patent clerk in Bern, Albert Einstein had a plethora amount of time which was devoted to formulating his theories. Also during thisRead MoreAlbert Einstein: The General Theory of Relativity Essay660 Words   |  3 Pagesappears to be, makes one heroic; therefore, Albert Einstein is heroic in numerous ways. Throughout Albert Einstein’s lifetime he accomplished many amazing things that have an effect on people today. For example, in 1905, â€Å"often called as Einstein’s â€Å"miracle year†, he published four papers in the Annalen der Physik, each of which would alter the course of modern physics† (Michio,Kaku 13). Throughout Einstein’s four books, he â€Å"applied the quantum theory to light in order to explain the photoelectricRead More Albert Einstein Essay1047 Words   |  5 Pages Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Wà ¼ttemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. While he was still an infant, the family moved to Munich. Albert’s father was plagued with business failures throughout his life, and after one such failure, he moved his family to Milan, Italy. Einstein was, at first, left behind to finish his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium, but he disapproved of this choice, and followed his family to Milan. Albert decided to attempt to skip the rest of gymnasium and tried to passRead MoreAlbert Einstein s Theory Of Relativity And The Father Of The Atomic Age1174 Words   |  5 PagesAlbert Einstein: Theoretical Physicist, Mathematician, Genius Even in the year 2015, when asking the question, â€Å"who is the smartest person in history?† you are likely to receive the same answer every time. Most people recognize this person to be Albert Einstein. This is certainly not an easy title to earn, but when you look at who Albert Einstein is to the world, his achievements, and the work he has done for not only the scientific community, but for the entire world, it is easy to label him asRead MoreAlbert Einsteins Journey to Become one of the Most Well-Known Scientists in History678 Words   |  3 Pageswell-known scientists in the world. 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While having initial complications with a misshapen head during child birth, he grew normally. However it was commented by Albert Einsteins relatives that he was a little slow. Einsteins lack of intelligent was shown by his late age of learning how to speak. His first formal education (besides the private education he receivedRead MoreHow Albert Einstein Affected Technology?747 Words   |  3 Pages Albert Einstein, one of the most luminary thinkers in history made many influential contributions to the fields of science and philosophy to revolutionize man’s understanding of the world. All great things once had humble beginnings. Einstein was born into a middle class family with one sibling. Early in his life, his family influenced him through his presents. His family would gift items such as him telescopes and compasses. His uncle would also, on occasional, teach him in algebra. The oneRead MoreAl bert Einstein : The Greatest Minds Of Our Time1620 Words   |  7 Pages Albert Einstein is undoubtedly one of the greatest minds of our time. His contributions to physics and mathematics are extensive. He was one of science’s first celebrities. Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 at Ulm, in Wurttemberg, Germany (Nobel). His parents, Hermann and Pauline Einstein, were Jewish middle-class Germans, and his uncle was an engineer (Formative). Six weeks after his birth, his family moved to Munich (Nobel). Einstein began his schooling in Munich

Friday, December 20, 2019

Fab India Case Study - 1422 Words

FAB INDIA Company profile †¢ History In 1958, well before American companies were sourcing from India, John Bissell left his position as a buyer for Macy’s New York to work as a consultant for the Ford Foundation in order to develop India’s export potential in its emerging textile industry. What Bissell discovered was a village-based industry with a profusion of skills hidden from the world. Determined to showcase Indian handloom textiles while providing equitable employment to traditional artisans, Bissell established Fabindia in 1960 in order to fuse the best aspects of East/West collaboration. Fifteen years later the first Fabindia retail store was opened in Greater Kailash, New Delhi with a range of upholstery fabrics,†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¢ Products The product range consists of garments for men, women, children and infants; garment accessories; home furnishings – bed, bath, table and kitchen linen, upholstery fabric, curtains, floor coverings and a range of non textile products like furniture, lights, lamps and stationery. In addition to handcrafted clothing and home furnishings, Fabindia’s product line includes organic foods and personal care products. Fabindia Organics carries several types of cereals, grains, pulses, spices, sugar, tea, coffee, honey, fruit preserves and herbs. Fabindia Sana- Fabindia’s range of authentic bodycare products includes soaps, shampoos, hair oils, pure oils, moisturisers, body scrubs, face packs, hair conditioners special skin care products. It also designes a line of trendy and informal wear for youngsters under the brand Teen Spirit. †¢ Presence in India and the world From a turnover of 36 crore rupees in 2000-01, Fabindia has grown to having a turnover of Rs.130 crore in 2005-06. It registered a CAGR of about 38% in the period 2002-06. Such phenomenal growth has not come at the cost of profits. The profitability has been maintained at a rate of 6% for the entire period (See Figure- 2). For Fabindia William Bissell has set a very ambitious target of reaching 250 stores and a turnover of Rs.1000 crore by 2011. The growth is expected to come from new stores as well as increase in sales from existing stores.That increase will beShow MoreRelatedItc : India s Top Level Multinational Business With A Market Cap Of Us970 Words   |  4 Pagesposition they are acclaiming in the marketplace. ITC happens to be one of India s top-level multinational business with a market cap of US $40 billion and a sales of US $8 billion. 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